On May 4, Dr. Lawson Younger, professor of Old Testament, Semitic languages, and ancient Near Eastern history, will join several scholars for a free symposium about how ancient Near Eastern cultures honored the dead at 1:00 pm at the Oriental Institute Museum of the University of Chicago.
The half-day symposium, dealing with ancient practices in the care and commemoration of the dead, is being held in conjunction with a special exhibit at the museum, “In Remembrance of Me: Feasting with the Dead in the Ancient Middle East.” As all cultures across time have tried to honor and commemorate their dead, this exhibit shows how the living cared for the dead and how the ancients conceptualized the idea of the human soul in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Levant.
Dr. Younger will speak on “The Katumuwa Stele Inscription,” found on a memorial monument recently discovered in Zincirli, Turkey. The monument, dating to about 735 BC, is carved with an image of a man named Katumuwa seated before a table heaped with offerings. The lengthy inscription in Aramaic, a language widely used in the Middle East at that time, reveals new information about the practice of enacting annual sacrifices for the soul of the deceased.
Other experts in Near Eastern religion at the symposium include: Virginia Herrmann (Dartmouth College), David Schloen (University of Chicago), Theodore Lewis (The Johns Hopkins University), Karel van der Toorn (University of Amsterdam), and Theo van den Hout (University of Chicago). They will come together to describe the significance of the Katumuwa Stele and to place its mortuary beliefs and practices into the broader context of the contemporary biblical world and neighboring cultures.
The event is free, but registration is required. A reception will follow. For more information, visit the Oriental Institute website at oi.uchicago.edu/events.
Join us for lunch and to hear General James Mukoyama, Korea, Ret. discuss “Moral Injury and the Role of the Church.”
Chik-Fil-A and beverages will be provided. As a bonus, there will be meals ready-to-eat (M.R.E.s) as way of “introducing” students to “military cuisine.”
Please Join us on Tuesday April 8th in Hinkson Hall at 12 PM (after Chapel.)
General James Mukoyama. served as a platoon leader in the demilitarized zone in the Republic of Korea and as an infantry company commander in the 9th Division in Vietnam. He was the youngest General Officer in the entire United States Army in 1987 and subsequently the youngest Major General three years late. In 1989, he became the first Asian-American in the history of the United States to command an Army division.
In January 2013, General Mukoyama answered a calling to devote his life to the ministry of Military Outreach USA, a faith-based 501(c)(3) organization serving our military — Active, Guard, Reserve, Veterans — and their families, to cope with the visible and invisible wounds associated with military service to our great nation.
In May 2013, the Governor of the State of Illinois issued a Proclamation honoring General Mukoyama as the State of Illinois Veteran of the Month for his commitment and contributions to veterans and their families. In October 2013, Mukoyama was included in the inaugural class inducted into the University of Illinois Army ROTC Hall of Fame. General Mukoyama has been listed in Marquis Who’s Who in America since 1994.
He lives in Glenview, Illinois, with K.J., his wife of over forty years. They attend Willow Creek Community Church where he has led a men’s small group for over a decade and also co-directs a monthly men’s breakfast.
Please Join us on Tuesday April 8th in Hinkson Hall at 12 PM (after Chapel.)
This spring, TEDS has been celebrating fifty years of God’s faithfulness. The celebration will culminate on Thursday, May 1, with a special chapel service, afternoon celebration service, and evening reception. (Get more info and RSVP.)
We’ve heard many stories of God’s faithfulness this semester. For the month of April, we’re highlighting some of those stories each week leading up to the TEDS 50th Celebration, starting with Wayne Kijanowski, Design Director at Trinity International University and TEDS MDiv alum.
Design as Pastoral Ministry
Wayne’s story–which you can watch below–centers on a crisis of calling in the midst of working as a pastor. While engaged in pastoral ministry, Wayne was also working on various projects as a graphic designer, and “the Lord was blessing both.”
In the video below, Wayne relates that he came to a place of needing to choose between these two vocations. He loved design and felt that it was kingdom work, but he struggled with wondering if he would be wasting his education by pursuing graphic design rather than full-time pastoring.
At this point, a former TEDS professor, Wayne Grudem, gave him some very specific encouragement: “Wayne, walk in freedom. It doesn’t matter what shoes you wear; just make an impact for the kingdom.” Since then, Wayne has worked full-time as a graphic designer and graphic design professor at Trinity College, and has had the opportunity to teach and mentor hundreds of students, as well as build relationships with design clients who have been impacted by Wayne’s Gospel-centered love, care, and excellence in design work. Wayne truly approaches graphic design as pastoral ministry.
Creativity, Grace, and the Cross
In Andy Crouch’s recent book Culture Making: Recovering Our Creative Calling, Crouch encourages Christians to shape culture through, among other means, faithfully harnessing their creative power in service of long-term cultural contributions. After describing some of his closest friends and their various vocations, Crouch writes:
Frederick Buechner writes that your calling is found “where your deep gladness and the world’s deep hunger meet.” In all those places, at the intersection of grace and cross, these friends of mine, who are just names to you but who are the greatest treasures in the world to me, cultivate and create.
Wayne’s graphic design is cultivation that takes place “at the intersection of grace and cross,” and the Trinity community is blessed by his ongoing testimony to God’s faithfulness.
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As Christians, there are two extremes that we should avoid when considering the history of the church. On one hand, we must be careful not to glamorize the past, assuming that “older is better” and thus seek uncritically to transplant ancient ideas or practices into our modern church contexts. On the other hand, we must beware of an attitude that equates the “modern” with the “good,” and thus turns a blind eye to wisdom gleaned from the lives and lessons of people in the past (C. S. Lewis called this attitude ‘chronological snobbery’). Mature Christians are receptive to all that God wants to teach them from his Word and world, whether that be from the sermon of a minister, the advice of a neighbor, or the pen of a fourth-century monk.
In the conclusion of my recent book Calvin’s Company of Pastors (Oxford, 2013), I suggest a number of ways that pastoral theory and practice in sixteenth-century Geneva might inform and enrich our view of the pastoral office today. Here, I briefly mention three insights that I found particularly relevant.
(1) In Calvin’s Geneva, ministry was profoundly Word-centered. At the heart of Calvin’s sense of vocation was the conviction that Christians “needed to hear their God speaking and learn from his teaching.” Consequently, when Calvin returned to Geneva in 1541, he drafted a church constitution that placed Scripture at the forefront of religious life in the city. Each week, Calvin and his colleagues preached more than thirty sermons in the three parish churches. (This included three sermons on Sundays as well as weekday sermons that began at 4:30 a.m. for maids and household servants!) Children were required to learn the Catechism, which involved memorizing biblical doctrine and scriptural passages such as the Lord’s Prayer and the Ten Commandments. Geneva’s liturgy was rich in the language and prayers of Scripture, and included regular congregational singing from the French Psalter. Finally, owing much to Calvin’s influence, Geneva in the sixteenth century became the printing center for French Bibles in Europe, with more than eighty editions produced from 1550-1600. (During this period, Genevan printers also produced Bibles in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Spanish, and English.) Evidently, Calvin and his reformed colleagues believed that where God’s Word was faithfully proclaimed and gladly received, there the Holy Spirit was at work in power to effect moral transformation in the lives of men and women. The case of Calvin’s Geneva reminds us today that spiritual reformation and scriptural proclamation go hand in hand.
2.) For Calvin, pastoral ministry involved intensive personal care. Having grown up in the reformed tradition, I was sometimes exposed to a portrait of Calvin that focused on his theological genius at the expense of his pastoral concerns and commitments. When one studies the documents of the Genevan church, it becomes clear that this depiction misses the mark. Calvin once stated: “the office of a true and faithful minister is not only to teach the people in public, which he is appointed to do as pastor, but also, as much as he is able, to admonish, exhort, warn, and console each person individually.” In Calvin’s Geneva, all of the ministers were expected to preach multiple times each week. They were required to visit sick people at bedside. Along with the city’s lay elders, they conducted pastoral visitations of all the households in their parish each year before Easter. Furthermore, every Thursday at noon the pastors and elders met in Consistory to interview, reprove, and offer spiritual advice to men and women guilty of a whole variety of sins, from adultery to drunkenness to spousal abuse. Although consistorial discipline could be confrontational and was always intrusive, it constituted a form of spiritual counsel and pastoral care as the pastors and elders engaged people at their point of greatest brokenness and need, seeking to guide them to repentance and spiritual healing. On many occasions, the Consistory also intervened on behalf of the neglected and abused, seeking to protect the weak and poor as well as mediate conflicts between spouses and within households. I came away from my study of Geneva’s Consistory with a deep sense of admiration for the amount of time and effort that Geneva’s pastors and elders devoted to this painful, yet important, aspect of spiritual care. In our modern world where men and women so often struggle with spiritual dislocation, fractured relationships, and deep-seated loneliness, Calvin’s vision for pastoral oversight that includes gospel proclamation and intense relational ministry appears especially relevant and important.
3.) Calvin was committed to accountability and collegiality in pastoral work. Geneva’s ministers had a deep aversion to forms of church government that were hierarchical and autocratic. They believed Scripture taught that, though pastors’ roles might vary from parish to parish, the pastoral office was a single office, and all pastors were equally servants of Christ and ministers of the Word of God. Calvin formalized this commitment by creating a number of institutions that constituted the DNA of pastoral ministry in Geneva. All of the city’s ministers belonged to the Company of Pastors, a church council that met every Friday morning to address concerns of the church. The Company examined students for ministry, filled local ministerial posts (with the approval of the city magistrates), discussed contested points of doctrine, corresponded with foreign churches, and recruited and deployed missionary pastors for France. A second institution was the weekly Congregation, a body created by Calvin (patterned after Zurich’s Prophetzei) where the city’s pastors met to study Scripture together and evaluate one another’s exposition of biblical texts. Calvin insisted that the formation of ministers and the preservation of right doctrine depended on the pastors studying Scripture in community. “The fewer discussions of doctrine we have together,” Calvin once observed, “the greater the danger of pernicious opinions… for solitude leads to great abuse.” One additional church institution that reflected Calvin’s commitment to accountability and collegiality was the Quarterly Censure. Four times a year, before the quarterly celebration of the Lord’s Supper, Geneva’s ministers met behind closed doors to air their differences, to address colleagues suspected of immorality or teaching wrong doctrine, and to promote mutual trust and common vision. After the meeting, Calvin and his colleagues shared a lunch of soup together. Though Calvin’s collegial model of ministry did not foster bold innovation, nor allow for strong dissent, it did create a pastoral culture in Geneva where ministers depended on one another, learned from one another, were accountable to one another, and sometimes forgave one another. One suspects that contemporary Protestantism, with its infatuation for robust individualism, celebrity preachers, and ministry empires, has much to learn from the example of Geneva’s church.
Dr. Scott Manetsch is Professor of Church History at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School.
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Constantine Campbell, Associate Professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, was awarded Christianity Today’s 2014 Book of the Year award in the Biblical Studies category for Paul and Union with Christ: An Exegetical and Theological Study. We asked him a few celebratory questions:
Your book won CT’s biblical studies book of the year – how does it feel to be joining a club already populated by the likes of Richard Hays, Raymond Brown, James D.G. Dunn, and D.A. Carson?
I was truly shocked. Winning any kind of award never entered my head. You just hope that it will be useful to the church and academy by offering a faithful reading of Scripture and by putting things together in a way that helps people to understand the truth. But it’s a great honor to have the book recognised in this way, especially when there is so much high calibre work being produced in biblical studies.
Suppose you had to tweet your understanding of “union with Christ” in Paul’s thought. (I’ll give you three tweets [420 characters] if you need them, but points if you can do it in 140 characters or less.) What would you tweet?
Union: spiritual, nuptial, mutual indwelling
Participation: sharing in the events of Christ’s narrative
Identification: belonging to the realm of Christ
Incorporation: built together into the body of Christ
(Easier than reading 480 pages, huh?)
Did you have a favorite biblical studies book from 2013? If so, what was it and why?
The God who became Human: A Biblical Theology of Incarnation, by former TEDS professor (and fellow Aussie) Graham Cole. It is a wonderful synthesis of exegetical and theological reading of Scripture.
Learn more about master’s programs at TEDS. Follow Con Campbell on twitter.
The second installment of The TEDS Lectures, which features Dr. D.A. Carson on the letter to the Hebrews in four lectures, is now available in its entirety.
Dr. Carson, who is Research Professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and who is also widely known as the founder & president of The Gospel Coalition, gave these lectures in spring 2013 as part of his Acts, Pauline, & General Epistles canon course.
Dr. Carson’s lectures cover a wide variety of topics in the epistle to the Hebrews, including introductory matters such as authorship and date of writing, as well as more advanced topics in Christology, perseverance, and the New Testament use of the Old Testament. Hebrews’ High Priestly Christology is one of its unique contributions to New Testament theology, and its famous “warning passages” and mapping of Yom Kippur imagery onto Jesus’ death and resurrection have prompted much writing over the course of church history. Dr. Carson has co-authored (with G.K. Beale) a commentary on the New Testament use of the Old Testament, and Hebrews presents a number of interpretive challenges in this area. Dr. Carson emphasizes, however, that most central to this letter is the superiority and centrality of Jesus Christ.
The lectures are free to watch, and transcripts of all four lectures are also available. It is hoped that these lectures–as well as others currently available–can provide additional Christ-centered and biblically responsible resources to the global community of faith.
Watch these lectures on the TEDS Media & Resources page, and follow TEDS on twitter and facebook for updates on new media releases.
Trinity Evangelical Divinity School faculty and students have an active presence at the 65th annual meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society in Baltimore, MD, on November 19-21, 2013.
Dr. D.A. Carson, Research Professor of New Testament, gives one of three plenary addresses at this year’s meeting, the theme of which is “Evangelicalism, Inerrancy, and ETS.” Dr. Carson’s talk is titled “An Evaluation of Some Recent Discussions on the Doctrine of Scripture.” Other highlights include a panel discussion about the forthcoming Five Views on Biblical Inerrancy (HarperCollins, Dec. 2013), to which Dr. Kevin Vanhoozer contributed a chapter, as well as papers by Drs. Dana Harris, Scott Manetsch, K. Lawson Younger, James Hoffmeier, Stephen Greggo, H. Wayne Johnson, Richard Averbeck, Doug Sweeney, Eric Tully, John Woodbridge, and Grant Osborne. Several PhD students are also presenting; download a full PDF of student and faculty ETS presentations, including times and locations.
It is fitting that Dr. Carson gives one of the plenary addresses at a meeting focused on inerrancy; as one of TEDS’ longtime faculty members, he has written extensively, often with Church History colleague John Woodbridge, about inerrancy and the authority of Scripture. TEDS has always been committed to biblical inerrancy while also acknowledging that there are different ways that united evangelicals might talk about the doctrine (as is evident from comparing and contrasting Dr. Vanhoozer’s and Dr. Carson’s work on inerrancy).
TEDS is also well-represented at the annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, which also takes place in Baltimore just after ETS and includes the American Academy of Religion and Institute for Biblical Research. The SBL 2013 list of presenters can be searched by faculty last name to find sessions, locations, and times.
To learn more about TEDS, watch one of the newly released TEDS Lectures, featuring D.A. Carson on Hebrews and Dana Harris on Luke-Acts.